Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a rising health concern in India, with poor lifestyle, pollution, and late diagnosis among the primary contributing factors. CKD can lead to kidney damage, which can affect the body’s ability to filter blood, remove excess water, and regulate blood pressure. Kidney disease can also impact the production of red blood cells and bone health. Therefore, it is essential to take necessary precautions to maintain kidney health.
High blood pressure is one of the primary causes of CKD, and it is crucial to keep it under control. Patients with high blood pressure must maintain a healthy lifestyle, reduce their salt and alcohol intake, maintain a healthy weight, and do moderate-intensity exercises regularly. Additionally, excessive use of pain medicines such as NSAIDs, especially in high doses, can reduce blood flow to the kidney, causing damage to kidney tissue. Hence, it is essential to limit the use of pain medicines.
Excessive salt consumption over an extended period can raise blood pressure levels, leading to kidney damage. Therefore, it is advisable to use herbs instead of excess salt to make food flavorful. Practicing an unhealthy lifestyle, such as smoking, can damage every organ in the body, including the kidneys. Hence, it is essential to quit smoking and maintain a balanced and nutritious diet coupled with regular exercise to keep the body healthy.
High blood sugar levels can cause blood vessels inside the kidneys to narrow down and get clogged over time. Therefore, it is crucial to maintain healthy blood sugar levels to protect the kidneys. Regular check-ups are essential to assess kidney function and determine how well they are working to remove waste from the body. Tests such as serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and glomerular filtration rate can help monitor kidney health.
In conclusion, CKD is becoming increasingly prevalent in India, and it is crucial to take necessary precautions to maintain kidney health. Patients with high blood pressure, diabetes, and other comorbid conditions must follow a healthy lifestyle, limit salt and alcohol intake, maintain a healthy weight, and do moderate-intensity exercises regularly. Additionally, it is crucial to limit the use of pain medicines and avoid smoking. Regular check-ups and tests can help monitor kidney function and detect any abnormalities early on.
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a growing health concern in India, with an estimated 17-18% of the adult population affected by the disease. Here are some reasons why CKD is rising among Indians:
1.Diabetes: Diabetes is one of the leading causes of CKD in India. According to the International Diabetes Federation, India has the second-highest number of people with diabetes in the world, with an estimated 77 million people affected.
2.Hypertension: High blood pressure is another leading cause of CKD in India. It is estimated that around 20-25% of adults in India have high blood pressure.
3.Unhealthy diet: The consumption of a diet high in salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats can increase the risk of developing CKD. Avoid processed foods, fast food, and sugary beverages.
4.Lack of physical activity: Sedentary lifestyles can contribute to the development of CKD. Regular exercise can help improve overall health and reduce the risk of CKD.
5.Smoking: Smoking can damage blood vessels throughout the body, including those in the kidneys. This can lead to reduced kidney function and an increased risk of CKD.
6.Pollution: Air pollution can have a negative impact on kidney function. A study conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research found that air pollution was associated with a higher risk of CKD.
7.Poor access to healthcare: Many Indians do not have access to quality healthcare, which can lead to undiagnosed or untreated CKD.
8.High blood pressure: High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is another leading cause of CKD. When blood pressure is high, it can damage the delicate blood vessels in the kidneys, making them less efficient.
9.Use of certain medications: Some medications can be harmful to the kidneys and can contribute to the development of CKD. It is important to talk to a doctor about any medications being taken and any potential side effects.
By understanding these triggers and taking steps to address them, individuals can reduce their risk of developing CKD and protect their kidney health.
In conclusion, CKD is rising among Indians due to a combination of factors, including the high prevalence of diabetes and hypertension, unhealthy lifestyles, pollution, and poor access to healthcare. Addressing these factors and increasing awareness about CKD can help prevent and manage the disease in India.