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Monkeypox Virus: Types, symptoms, causes, and treatment

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by an infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus, which belongs to the Poxviridae family. The Orthopoxvirus genus includes the Variola virus (which causes smallpox), vaccinia virus (which is used in the smallpox vaccine), and cowpox virus. Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a pox-like disease occurred in groups of monkeys used for research.

Despite its name, the monkeypox virus is no longer spread by monkeys. Small rodents and squirrels are likely to spread monkeypox in Africa’s rainforests, though more research is needed. Here is further information on the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and spread of monkeypox.

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Monkeypox Virus Varieties

There are two types of monkeypox virus: central African and west African. The central African monkeypox virus is more likely than the west African monkeypox virus to cause serious disease and death.

Monkeypox Symptoms and Signs

Monkeypox symptoms are comparable to smallpox symptoms, but they are usually milder. Fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, and exhaustion are among the symptoms of monkeypox.

Swollen lymph nodes

A rash might occur after one to three days. The rash normally starts on your face and spreads to other parts of your body, including your palms and the soles of your feet. The rash starts out as flat, red pimples that turn into blisters filled with pus. The blisters may crust over and fall off after a few days.

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Spread of Monkeypox

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), monkeypox can spread for a variety of reasons:

Monkeypox is spread when a person comes into touch with an infected animal or human. When an infected animal’s blood, bodily fluids, or pox lesions come into contact with broken skin, such as bites or scratches, animal-to-human transmission occurs.

Monkeypox can also be transmitted from person to person, but this is rare. Person-to-person transmission occurs when you come into touch with virus particles from an infected person. The virus can be transferred through coughing, sneezing, and airborne droplets. By touching an infected person’s sores, you could become infected.
Treatment

Although there are currently no particular treatments for monkeypox infection, outbreaks can be managed. Smallpox vaccine, cidofovir, ST-246, and vaccinia immune globulin can be used to control a monkeypox outbreak (VIG). The CDC guideline was based on the best available knowledge about the benefits and risks of smallpox vaccination and drug use for the prevention and management of monkeypox and other orthopoxvirus infections.

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