Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a condition that affects the functioning of the kidneys, leading to a build-up of waste and toxins in the body. When the kidneys are no longer able to perform their normal functions, dialysis may be required to remove these waste products from the blood.
Dialysis is a medical procedure that uses a machine to filter blood and remove waste products. The two main types of dialysis: haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
Haemodialysis involves using a machine to filter the blood outside the body, typically at a dialysis centre or hospital. Blood is removed from the body, filtered through a machine, and then returned to the body during haemodialysis, Haemodialysis typically needs to be done three times a week and can take several hours each time.
The lining of the abdomen is used to filter blood during peritoneal dialysis. A special fluid is injected into the abdomen, which absorbs waste products from the blood. The fluid is then drained out of the body, along with the waste products. Peritoneal dialysis can be done at home and typically needs to be done several times a day.
Both types of dialysis have benefits and challenges. The benefits of dialysis include:
1. Improved kidney function: Dialysis helps remove waste products from the blood, improving kidney function.
2.Improved quality of life: Dialysis can help individuals with CKD feel better and improve their overall quality of life.
3.Increased lifespan: Dialysis can help individuals with CKD live longer and improve their chances of survival.
However, there are also challenges associated with dialysis, including:
1.Time commitment: Haemodialysis typically needs to be done three times a week and can take several hours each time. Peritoneal dialysis needs to be done several times a day.
2.Lifestyle changes: Individuals receiving dialysis may need to make significant lifestyle changes, such as dietary restrictions and changes in daily activities.
3.Risk of complications: There is a risk of complications associated with dialysis, including infections and changes in blood pressure.
In conclusion, dialysis is an important treatment option for individuals with CKD. It can help improve kidney function, quality of life, and lifespan. However, there are also challenges associated with dialysis, and individuals receiving dialysis should work closely with their healthcare team to manage any risks or complications.