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Sunday, April 21, 2024

‘Chhath Puja’ in India, where people worship the setting sun

India is full of enormous colors of traditional and cultural beauty, the diverse customs and rituals make it even more beautiful. Even the greatest civilizations of history worship the rising sun only but in India, the ‘Chhath puja’ where people worship even the setting sun.

Historical believe say that Chhath pujan and its rituals are also mentioned in Rigvedas also in the largest epic of Mahabharata Pandavas and Draupadi did Chhath pujan.

A devotee perform rituals during sunset at the Tawi river on the occasion of Chhath festival in Jammu. (Photo | PTI)
A devotee performs rituals during sunset at the Tawi river on the occasion of Chhath festival in Jammu. (Photo | PTI)

The Mahaparv of UP, Bihar, and Jharkhand, now being celebrated all across the world is a four days tough worship, in which women(Tiwyi) have two days fast without water ‘Nirjalavrat’.

The festival is celebrated even with more joy than Diwali, after six days from Diwali. The festival’s beginning occurs with ‘Nahaykhay’ dedicated to Chhath Maiya sets melodious folk Chhath puja gets, also the markets are decorated with fruits, lights, and diyas for the celebration of Mahaparv.

The second day marks starting of a fast where  ‘Tiwyi’ does ‘Sanjhat’ pujan and ‘Kharna pujan’ praying the Chandrama and start ‘Nirjalvrat’ meanwhile the making of ‘Thekuas’ is has its own specialty.

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The third-day ghats of the river are cleaned and decorated with ‘Jhalars’, ‘Rangolis’ and banana trees. The Vedas are made for worshipping of Chhath Maiya and Lord sun. In the evening the ‘tiwyi’ give ‘Arghya’ to the setting sun and Chhath Maiya, praying for the well-being of their families and the ghats bloom with folk songs and sounds of crackers.

The first ‘Arghya’ is given in the evening and the second ‘Arghya’ is given in the morning where ‘Tiwyi’ done to ghats early morning, stand in the cold river till the sunrise for giving the second ‘Arghya’. Then the fourth day marks with ‘Paaran’ or breaking of fast where ‘Tiwyis’ after 36 hours without water have Prasad for Paaran. The four days festival enlightens and brings elations to the life of all.

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Aryan Pandey
Author Worldly Voice

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