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Accession Day: Importance of Accession Day and why it is special for India?

The Accession Day: The day is a regional holiday for the public in the Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir which commemorates on 26 October.

The chronicles of the day

The accession day or the holiday is observed on 26 October 1947 where Maharaja Hari Singh signed the accession of the instrument which was accepted and signed a day later by Lord Mountbatten, then by the Governor-General of India. Under the India independence act of 1947, the process of accession was completed.

British India was divided into India and Pakistan through the act of Indian Independence. The princely states of 580 had their sovereignty which restored them. The options were given to the princely states to remain independent or to be a part of the dominion of India or Pakistan.

As Hari Singh was Hindu but most of his subjects were Muslims. As Hari Singh didn’t want to lose his monarchial power, he wanted to remain independent. Maharaja sought India’s help after the tribesmen and the army men from Pakistan invaded the princely state. On the condition of the accession of the state to the dominion of India, New Delhi was willing to help Maharaja Hari Singh.

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The Lieutenant Governor of the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, Garish Chander Murmu, and his two advisors declared 26 October a gazetted holiday in the union territory in the year 2019.

As announced this new holiday, Jammu and Kashmir dropped its martyr’s day (commemorating the deaths of the 22 people who lost their lives when Maharaja’s forces opened fire on them) and Sheikh Abdullah’s birth anniversary, the former Prime Minister and Chief Minister of the union territory.

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